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Fertil Steril. 2007 Sep;88(3):539-46. Epub 2007 Jun 7.

Mullerian Inhibiting Substance is an ovarian growth factor of emerging clinical significance.

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Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Maimonides Medical Center, Brooklyn, New York 11228, USA.



To examine Mullerian Inhibiting Substance (MIS) as an emerging diagnostic marker of ovarian function.


Medline review of published studies pertaining to the role of MIS in assessing ovarian aging, predicting response to ovulation induction in preparation for in vitro fertilization, assessing risk of developing ovarian hyperstimulation (OHSS) before ovulation induction, and diagnosis of polycystic ovarian disease (PCOS).


The majority of published studies to date support a role for MIS as a marker of ovarian reserve. Specific cut-off values are dependent upon the particular assay used. Mullerian Inhibiting Substance may offer value in assessing risk of OHSS and diagnosis of PCOS.


Potential advantages of MIS compared with other conventional markers of ovarian reserve include: 1) MIS is the earliest marker to change with age; 2) it has the least intercycle variability; 3) it has the least intracycle variability; and 4) it may be informative if randomly obtained during the cycle. Widespread clinical use of MIS may await the availability of an international standard for MIS so that results using different assays may be reliably compared.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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