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Subst Use Misuse. 2007;42(4):591-601.

Prevalence of American Indian adolescent tobacco use: 1993-2004.

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Tri-Ethnic Center for Prevention Research, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado 80523-1879, USA.


Tobacco use rates for American Indian adolescents are examined and compared to rates for non-Indian youth. The data are taken from an ongoing surveillance project of substance use among Indian youth and the Monitoring the Future Project for the years 1993 to 2004. Sample sizes are in the range of 14,000 to 17,000 for non-Indian youth and 600 to 2400 for Indian youth. Tobacco use is considerably higher for Indian youth; however, these rates are following the national trends of significant reductions over the past three years. Indian youth manifested a lower perception of harm from regular tobacco use, which may, in part, account for their higher levels of use. Indian females have had slightly higher rates of lifetime and daily smoking rates than males in the past but recent trends indicate a narrowing of this gap.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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