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Otol Neurotol. 2007 Aug;28(5):658-62.

Scalar localization of the electrode array after cochlear implantation: clinical experience using 64-slice multidetector computed tomography.

Author information

1
Department of Radiology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55902, USA. john@mayo.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To use the improved resolution available with 64-slice multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) in vivo to localize the cochlear implant electrode array within the basal turn.

STUDY DESIGN:

Sixty-four-slice MDCT examinations of the temporal bones were retrospectively reviewed in 17 patients. Twenty-three implants were evaluated.

SETTING:

Tertiary referral facility.

PATIENTS:

All patients with previous cochlear implantation evaluated at our center between January 2004 and March 2006 were offered a computed tomographic examination as part of the study. In addition, preoperative computed tomographic examinations in patients being evaluated for a second bilateral device were included.

INTERVENTION:

Sixty-four-slice MDCT examination of the temporal bones.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE:

Localization of the electrode array within the basal turn from multiplanar reconstructions of the cochlea.

RESULTS:

Twenty-three implants were imaged in 17 patients. We were able to localize the electrode array within the scala tympani within the basal turn in 10 implants. In 3 implants, the electrode array was localized to the scala vestibuli. Migration of the electrode array from scala tympani to scala vestibuli was observed in three implants. Of the 7 implants in which localization of the electrode array was indeterminate, all had disease entities that obscured the definition of the normal cochlear anatomy.

CONCLUSIONS:

Sixty-four-slice MDCT with multiplanar reconstructions of the postoperative cochlea after cochlear implantation allows for accurate localization of the electrode array within the basal turn where normal cochlear anatomy is not obscured by the underlying disease process. Correlating the position of the electrode in the basal turn with surgical technique and implant design could be helpful in improving outcomes.

PMID:
17558341
DOI:
10.1097/MAO.0b013e3180686e26
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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