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Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2007 Sep;293(3):H1654-61. Epub 2007 Jun 8.

Inhibition of mitochondrial permeability transition improves functional recovery and reduces mortality following acute myocardial infarction in mice.

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Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale E 0226, Université Claude Bernard Lyon I, Lyon, France.


Inhibition of mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP) opening by cyclosporin A or ischemic postconditioning attenuates lethal reperfusion injury. Its impact on major post-myocardial infarction events, including worsening of left ventricular (LV) function and death, remains unknown. We sought to determine whether pharmacological or postconditioning-induced inhibition of mPTP opening might improve functional recovery and survival following myocardial infarction in mice. Anesthetized mice underwent 25 min of ischemia and 24 h (protocol 1) or 30 days (protocol 2) of reperfusion. At reperfusion, they received no intervention (control), postconditioning (3 cycles of 1 min ischemia-1 min reperfusion), or intravenous injection of the mPTP inhibitor Debio-025 (10 mg/kg). At 24 h of reperfusion, mitochondria were isolated from the region at risk for assessment of the Ca(2+) retention capacity (CRC). Infarct size was measured by triphenyltetrazolium chloride staining. At 30 days of reperfusion, mortality and LV contractile function (echocardiography) were evaluated. Postconditioning and Debio-025 significantly improved Ca(2+) retention capacity (132 +/- 13 and 153 +/- 31 vs. 53 +/- 16 nmol Ca(2+)/mg protein in control) and reduced infarct size to 35 +/- 4 and 32 +/- 7% of area at risk vs. 61 +/- 6% in control (P < 0.05). At 30 days, ejection fraction averaged 74 +/- 6 and 77 +/- 6% in postconditioned and Debio-025 groups, respectively, vs. 62 +/- 12% in the control group (P < 0.05). At 30 days, survival was improved from 58% in the control group to 92 and 89% in postconditioned and Debio-025 groups, respectively. Inhibition of mitochondrial permeability transition at reperfusion improves functional recovery and mortality in mice.

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