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Curr Opin Cardiol. 2007 Jul;22(4):321-8.

Do we need out-of-office blood pressure in every patient?

Author information

1
Department of Clinical Medicine and Prevention, University of Milano-Bicocca, Milan, Italy. gianfranco.parati@unimib.it

Abstract

PURPOSE OF REVIEW:

The limitations affecting office blood pressure readings have spurred the development of techniques for measuring blood pressure out of a clinical environment. The increasing use of home and ambulatory blood pressure monitoring has allowed the identification of specific blood pressure patterns related either to a discrepancy between office and out-of-office blood pressure or to alterations in the 24-h blood pressure profiles. This review offers an update on the most recent data published on the above issues.

RECENT FINDINGS:

A critical overview is provided on recent data published on blood pressure patterns suggested to have clinical relevance. These include white coat hypertension, the so-called masked hypertension, enhanced overall blood pressure variability over 24 h, a steeper morning blood pressure surge and a blunted or an excessive blood pressure fall at night.

SUMMARY:

All of these different conditions have been variably reported to carry prognostic implications, and may represent specific targets for antihypertensive treatment. Their identification and management require information on out-of-office blood pressure, which suggests that self blood pressure monitoring at home or 24-h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring should be used more frequently in clinical practice, following the indications issued in recent guidelines.

PMID:
17556885
DOI:
10.1097/HCO.0b013e3281bd8835
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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