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Am Fam Physician. 2007 May 15;75(10):1487-96.

Drug dosing adjustments in patients with chronic kidney disease.

Author information

1
Department of Pharmacy Practice, Oregon State University College of Pharmacy, Portland, Oregon, USA. munarm@ohsu.edu

Abstract

Chronic kidney disease affects renal drug elimination and other pharmacokinetic processes involved in drug disposition (e.g., absorption, drug distribution, nonrenal clearance [metabolism]). Drug dosing errors are common in patients with renal impairment and can cause adverse effects and poor outcomes. Dosages of drugs cleared renally should be adjusted according to creatinine clearance or glomerular filtration rate and should be calculated using online or electronic calculators. Recommended methods for maintenance dosing adjustments are dose reductions, lengthening the dosing interval, or both. Physicians should be familiar with commonly used medications that require dosage adjustments. Resources are available to assist in dosing decisions for patients with chronic kidney disease.

PMID:
17555141
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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