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Clin Chim Acta. 2007 Aug;383(1-2):103-9. Epub 2007 May 22.

Whole blood choline and plasma choline in acute coronary syndromes: prognostic and pathophysiological implications.

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Department of Medicine, Internal Intensive Care and Nephrology, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Campus Virchow-Klinikum, Augustenburger Platz 1, 13353 Berlin, Germany.



Whole blood choline (WBCHO) and plasma choline (PLCHO) concentrations increase rapidly after stimulation of phospholipase D in acute coronary syndromes (ACS). Early risk-stratification was analyzed in 217 patients with suspected ACS and a negative admission troponin T (<0.03 microg/L).


WBCHO and PLCHO were measured using high-performance-liquid-chromatography mass spectrometry. Major cardiac events (MACE) were defined as cardiac death/arrest, coronary intervention or myocardial infarction (MI).


WBCHO (> or = 28.2 micromol/L) was predictive for MACE (hazard ratio [HR] 2.7; p<0.001), cardiac death/arrest (HR 4.2; p=0.015), heart failure (HR 2.8; p=0.003), coronary intervention (HR 2.1; p=0.01) and MI (HR 8.4; p=0.002) after 30 days. PLCHO (> or = 25.0 micromol/L) was predictive for MACE (HR 2.6; p=0.005), cardiac death/arrest (HR 15.7; p<0.001), heart failure (HR 6.0; p<0.001) but not for coronary intervention and MI. WBCHO and PLCHO were predictive for MACE in multivariate analysis (Odds ratio [OR] 2.7, p=0.009 and OR 3.3, p=0.03) independently of age, gender, prior MI, coronary risk factors and ECG.


WBCHO and PLCHO are significant and independent predictors of major cardiac events in admission troponin T negative acute coronary syndromes. Both are predictive for events related to tissue ischemia and WBCHO is capable of detecting risks associated with coronary plaque instability.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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