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World J Gastroenterol. 2007 May 7;13(17):2397-403.

Social learning contributions to the etiology and treatment of functional abdominal pain and inflammatory bowel disease in children and adults.

Abstract

This paper reviews empirical work on cognitive and social learning contributions to the etiology and treatment of illness behavior associated with functional abdominal pain and inflammatory bowel disease. A particular emphasis is placed on randomized controlled trials, the majority of which are multi-modal in orientation, incorporating elements of cognitive behavioral therapy, social learning, and relaxation. Based on this review, we offer methodological and clinical suggestions: (1) Research investigations should include adequate sample sizes, long-term follow-up assessments, and a credible, active control group. (2) Standard gastrointestinal practice should include, when appropriate, learning opportunities for patients and family members, for example, instruction regarding the encouragement of wellness behavior.

PMID:
17552021
PMCID:
PMC4146756
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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