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Ann Trop Med Parasitol. 2007 Jul;101(5):391-8.

The in-vitro susceptibilities of Ghanaian Plasmodium falciparum to antimalarial drugs.

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Noguchi Memorial Institute for Medical Research, University of Ghana, PO Box LG 581, Legon, Accra, Ghana.


In Ghana in 2004 (when choroquine was still the nationally recommended drug for the first-line treatment of malaria), the sensitivities, to chloroquine, amodiaquine, quinine, mefloquine, artesunate and halofantrine, of 60 Plasmodium falciparum isolates from two ecologically distinct areas of the country were assessed in vitro. The aim was to make available, to policy-makers, the field-based evidence needed to review the national strategy for malaria treatment. Drug susceptibilities were explored using the standardized protocol of the Antimalarial Drug Resistance Network. Although 32 of the P. falciparum isolates evaluated (56.1% of the 57 isolates successfully investigated for their susceptibility to choroquine) showed resistance to chloroquine and two showed slightly reduced sensitivity to amodiaquine, all the isolates were sensitive to mefloquine, artesunate, quinine and halofantrine. The median inhibitory concentrations (IC(50)) of chloroquine were positively correlated with those of quinine (r=0.4528; P=0.0008) but not those of any of the other drugs investigated. The IC(50) of amodiaquine and artesunate were also positively correlated (r=0.3703; P=0.0067). These results provide evidence of the presence, in Ghana, of P. falciparum isolates that are highly resistant to chloroquine but generally sensitive to most of the other antimalarial drugs commonly used in the country. Partly in consequence of these observations, the recommended first-line treatment for malaria in Ghana was changed to an amodiaquine-artesunate combination in January 2005.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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