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J Biol Chem. 2007 Aug 10;282(32):23163-70. Epub 2007 Jun 4.

Structure of the complex of the colicin E2 R-domain and its BtuB receptor. The outer membrane colicin translocon.

Author information

1
Department of Biological Sciences, Lilly Hall of Life Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907, USA.

Abstract

The crystal structure of the complex of the BtuB receptor and the 135-residue coiled-coil receptor-binding R-domain of colicin E3 (E3R135) suggested a novel mechanism for import of colicin proteins across the outer membrane. It was proposed that one function of the R-domain, which extends along the outer membrane surface, is to recruit an additional outer membrane protein(s) to form a translocon for passage colicin activity domain. A 3.5-A crystal structure of the complex of E2R135 and BtuB (E2R135-BtuB) was obtained, which revealed E2R135 bound to BtuB in an oblique orientation identical to that previously found for E3R135. The only significant difference between the two structures was that the bound coiled-coil R-domain of colicin E2, compared with that of colicin E3, was extended by two and five residues at the N and C termini, respectively. There was no detectable displacement of the BtuB plug domain in either structure, implying that colicin is not imported through the outer membrane by BtuB alone. It was concluded that the oblique orientation of the R-domain of the nuclease E colicins has a function in the recruitment of another member(s) of an outer membrane translocon. Screening of porin knock-out mutants showed that either OmpF or OmpC can function in such a translocon. Arg(452) at the R/C-domain interface in colicin E2 was found have an essential role at a putative site of protease cleavage, which would liberate the C-terminal activity domain for passage through the outer membrane translocon.

PMID:
17548346
DOI:
10.1074/jbc.M703004200
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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