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Phytochemistry. 2007 Jun;68(12):1651-63. Epub 2007 Jun 4.

Three oxidative metabolites of indole-3-acetic acid from Arabidopsis thaliana.

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Division of Applied Life Science, Graduate School of Agriculture, Kitashirakawa, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502, Japan.


Three metabolites of indole-3-acetic acid (IAA), N-(6-hydroxyindol-3-ylacetyl)-phenylalanine (6-OH-IAA-Phe), N-(6-hydroxyindol-3-ylacetyl)-valine (6-OH-IAA-Val), and 1-O-(2-oxoindol-3-ylacetyl)-beta-d-glucopyranose (OxIAA-Glc), were found by a liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-ESI-MS/MS)-based search for oxidative IAA metabolites during the vegetative growth of Arabidopsis. Their structures were confirmed by making a comparison of chromatographic characteristics and mass spectra between naturally occurring compounds and synthetic standards. An incorporation study using deuterium-labeled compounds showed that 6-OH-IAA-Phe and 6-OH-IAA-Val were biosynthesized from IAA-Phe and IAA-Val, respectively, which strongly suggested the formation of these amino acid conjugates of IAA in plants. Both 6-OH-IAA-Phe and 6-OH-IAA-Val were inactive as auxins, as indicated by no significant root growth inhibition in Arabidopsis. Quantitative analysis demonstrated that OxIAA-Glc was present in the largest amount among the metabolites of IAA in Arabidopsis, suggesting that the conversion into OxIAA-Glc represents the main metabolic process regarding IAA in Arabidopsis.

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