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Arch Biochem Biophys. 2007 Sep 1;465(1):119-26. Epub 2007 May 22.

Mitochondrial thioredoxin-2/peroxiredoxin-3 system functions in parallel with mitochondrial GSH system in protection against oxidative stress.

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Department of Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, Whitehead Biomedical Research Center, 615 Michael Street, Suite 205P, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA.


A dominant-negative, active-site mutant (C93S-Trx2) of mitochondrial thioredoxin-2 (Trx2) was expressed in cells to study the function of the thioredoxin system in protection against mitochondrial oxidative stress. C93S-Trx2 was detected as a disulfide with mitochondrial peroxiredoxin-3 (Prx3) but not peroxiredoxin-5 (Prx5). C93S-Trx2 enhanced sensitivity to cell death induced by tert-butylhydroperoxide or by tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha). In cells treated with buthionine sulfoximine (BSO) to deplete glutathione (GSH), endogenous Trx2 was oxidized, C93S-Trx2 potentiated toxicity, and overexpression of Trx2 protected against toxicity. Thus, the results show that Trx2 interacts with Prx3 in vivo and that the Trx2/Prx3 system functions in parallel with the GSH system to protect mitochondria from oxidative stress. The additive protection by Trx2 and GSH shows that Trx2 and GSH systems are both functionally important at low oxidative stress conditions.

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