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J Phys Chem A. 2007 Oct 18;111(41):10331-7. Epub 2007 Jun 5.

Thermochemistry and accurate quantum reaction rate calculations for H2/HD/D2 + CH3.

Author information

1
Theoretische Chemie, Fakultät für Chemie, Universität Bielefeld, Universitätsstrasse 25, 33615 Bielefeld, Germany.

Abstract

Accurate quantum-mechanical results for thermodynamic data, cumulative reaction probabilities (for J = 0), thermal rate constants, and kinetic isotope effects for the three isotopic reactions H2 + CH3 --> CH4 + H, HD + CH3 --> CH4 + D, and D2 + CH3 --> CH(3)D + D are presented. The calculations are performed using flux correlation functions and the multiconfigurational time-dependent Hartree (MCTDH) method to propagate wave packets employing a Shephard interpolated potential energy surface based on high-level ab initio calculations. The calculated exothermicity for the H2 + CH3 --> CH4 + H reaction agrees to within 0.2 kcal/mol with experimentally deduced values. For the H2 + CH3 --> CH4 + H and D2 + CH3 --> CH(3)D + D reactions, experimental rate constants from several groups are available. In comparing to these, we typically find agreement to within a factor of 2 or better. The kinetic isotope effect for the rate of the H2 + CH3 --> CH4 + H reaction compared to those for the HD + CH3 --> CH4 + D and D2 + CH3 --> CH(3)D + D reactions agree with experimental results to within 25% for all data points. Transition state theory is found to predict the kinetic isotope effect accurately when the mass of the transferred atom is unchanged. On the other hand, if the mass of the transferred atom differs between the isotopic reactions, transition state theory fails in the low-temperature regime (T < 400 K), due to the neglect of the tunneling effect.

PMID:
17547382
DOI:
10.1021/jp071892t

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