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Opt Lett. 2007 Jun 1;32(11):1459-61.

Femtosecond laser writing of porous capillaries inside fused silica glass.

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National Research Council of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.


We demonstrate that within a restricted optical pulse duration-pulse energy parameter space tightly focused femtosecond laser radiation can be used to fabricate porous capillaries in bulk fused silica glass by simply moving the laser focus through the material. We show that the rate of penetration of liquids into the porous capillaries can be controlled by the laser polarization, which determines their morphology. The fluid propagation is measured using the form birefringence of nanocrack/nanovoid structures produced inside the capillaries. We also demonstrate the nanofiltration capabilities of the capillaries by separating the relatively small molecules of Rhodamine 6G dye from their solvent.


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