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Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2007 Aug;293(2):L491-6. Epub 2007 Jun 1.

Interleukin-1beta is the primary initiator of pulmonary inflammation following liver injury in mice.

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1
Department of Surgery, Section of Abdominal Transplantation, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO 63110, USA.

Abstract

Hepatic injury can lead to systemic and pulmonary inflammation through activation of NF-kappaB-dependent pathways and production of various proinflammatory cytokines. The exact mechanism remains unknown, although prior research suggests interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) plays an integral role. Cultured murine alveolar macrophages were used to identify an optimized IL-1beta-specific short interfering RNA (siRNA) sequence, which then was encapsulated in liposomes and administered intraperitoneally to transgenic HLL mice (5'-HIV-LTR-Luciferase). A 35% hepatic mass cryoablation in HLL and IL-1 receptor 1 knockout mice (IL1R1KO) was performed as a model for liver-induced pulmonary inflammation. IL-1beta siRNA pretreatment effectively and significantly reduced circulating IL-1beta levels at 4 h post-hepatic injury. IL-6 also was suppressed in mice with impaired IL-1 signaling pathways. NF-kappaB activation in the noninjured liver of HLL reporter mice pretreated with IL-1beta siRNA was found to be reduced compared with controls. Pulmonary NF-kappaB activity in this group also was diminished relative to controls. C-X-C chemokine levels in the lung remained significantly lower in IL-1 pathway-deficient mice. Similarly, lung myeloperoxidase content was unchanged from baseline at 24 h post-liver injury in IL-1beta siRNA-treated animals, whereas all other control groups demonstrated marked pulmonary neutrophilic infiltration. In conclusion, liver injury-induced lung inflammation in this model is mediated predominantly by IL-1beta. Knockdown of IL-1beta expression before hepatic injury led to significant reductions in both cytokine production and NF-kappaB activation. This translated to reduced pulmonary neutrophil accumulation. Pretreatment with IL-1beta siRNA may represent a novel intervention for preventing liver-mediated pulmonary inflammation.

PMID:
17545492
DOI:
10.1152/ajplung.00009.2007
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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