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Biophys J. 2007 Oct 1;93(7):2530-41. Epub 2007 Jun 1.

Interaction of the C-terminal region of the Ggamma protein with model membranes.

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Laboratory of Molecular and Cellular Biomedicine, Associate Unit of the Instituto de la Grasa (Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas), University of the Balearic Islands, E-07122 Palma de Mallorca, Spain.


Heterotrimeric G-proteins interact with membranes. They accumulate around membrane receptors and propagate messages to effectors localized in different cellular compartments. G-protein-lipid interactions regulate G-protein cellular localization and activity. Although we recently found that the Gbetagamma dimer drives the interaction of G-proteins with nonlamellar-prone membranes, little is known about the molecular basis of this interaction. Here, we investigated the interaction of the C-terminus of the Ggamma(2) protein (P(gamma)-FN) with model membranes and those of its peptide (P(gamma)) and farnesyl (FN) moieties alone. X-ray diffraction and differential scanning calorimetry demonstrated that P(gamma)-FN, segregated into P(gamma)-FN-poor and -rich domains in phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) and phosphatidylserine (PS) membranes. In PE membranes, FN increased the nonlamellar phase propensity. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy experiments showed that P(gamma) and P(gamma)-FN interact with the polar and interfacial regions of PE and PS bilayers. The binding of P(gamma)-FN to model membranes is due to the FN group and positively charged amino acids near this lipid. On the other hand, membrane lipids partially altered P(gamma)-FN structure, in turn increasing the fluidity of PS membranes. These data highlight the relevance of the interaction of the C-terminal region of the Ggamma protein with the cell membrane and its effect on membrane structure.

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