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Nucleic Acids Res. 2007 Jul;35(Web Server issue):W280-4. Epub 2007 Jun 1.

FLAN: a web server for influenza virus genome annotation.

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National Center for Biotechnology Information, National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20894, USA.


FLAN (short for FLu ANnotation), the NCBI web server for genome annotation of influenza virus ( is a tool for user-provided influenza A virus or influenza B virus sequences. It can validate and predict protein sequences encoded by an input flu sequence. The input sequence is BLASTed against a database containing influenza sequences to determine the virus type (A or B), segment (1 through 8) and subtype for the hemagglutinin and neuraminidase segments of influenza A virus. For each segment/subtype of the viruses, a set of sample protein sequences is maintained. The input sequence is then aligned against the corresponding protein set with a 'Protein to nucleotide alignment tool' (ProSplign). The translated product from the best alignment to the sample protein sequence is used as the predicted protein encoded by the input sequence. The output can be a feature table that can be used for sequence submission to GenBank (by Sequin or tbl2asn), a GenBank flat file, or the predicted protein sequences in FASTA format. A message showing the length of the input sequence, the predicted virus type, segment and subtype for the hemagglutinin and neuraminidase segments of Influenza A virus will also be displayed.

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