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Neurobiol Learn Mem. 2007 Oct;88(3):295-304. Epub 2007 Jun 1.

Learning and memory deficits in mice lacking protease activated receptor-1.

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  • 1Department of Pharmacology, Emory University, School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, USA.

Abstract

The roles of serine proteases and protease activated receptors have been extensively studied in coagulation, wound healing, inflammation, and neurodegeneration. More recently, serine proteases have been suggested to influence synaptic plasticity. In this context, we examined the role of protease activated receptor 1 (PAR1), which is activated following proteolytic cleavage by thrombin and plasmin, in emotionally motivated learning. We were particularly interested in PAR1 because its activation enhances the function of NMDA receptors, which are required for some forms of synaptic plasticity. We examined several baseline behavioral measures, including locomotor activity, expression of anxiety-like behavior, motor task acquisition, nociceptive responses, and startle responses in C57Bl/6 mice in which the PAR1 receptor has been genetically deleted. In addition, we evaluated learning and memory in these mice using two memory tasks, passive avoidance and cued fear-conditioning. Whereas locomotion, pain response, startle, and measures of baseline anxiety were largely unaffected by PAR1 removal, PAR1-/- animals showed significant deficits in a passive avoidance task and in cued fear conditioning. These data suggest that PAR1 may play an important role in emotionally motivated learning.

PMID:
17544303
PMCID:
PMC2040495
DOI:
10.1016/j.nlm.2007.04.004
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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