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Use of Dronabinol Improves Appetite and Reverses Weight Loss in HIV/AIDS-Infected Patients.

Author information

1
Orlando Immunology Center, Orlando, Florida 32803-1851, USA. edejesus@oicorlando.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine whether dronabinol affects appetite and weight status in patients living with HIV/AIDS.

METHODS:

A retrospective chart review was conducted to analyze weight and appetite changes and nausea status in patients with HIV/AIDS who received dronabinol for 3 to 12 months from January 11, 1993, to March 17, 2003.

RESULTS:

Of the 117 patients who lost weight before baseline, 63% maintained or gained weight. In patients receiving dronabinol for 1 year, the mean weight gain (+/- SD) was 3.7 +/- 10.6 lb. The percentage of patients experiencing loss of appetite decreased significantly from 71% at baseline to 26% at 1 month (P < .001) and continued to decline throughout the trial. The percentage of patients experiencing nausea at baseline (38%) decreased consistently from week 2 on; this change from baseline was significant at month 6 (P = .031).

CONCLUSION:

When taken for 3 months to 1 year, dronabinol significantly improves appetite and reverses weight loss in patients living with HIV/AIDS.

PMID:
17538000
DOI:
10.1177/1545109707300157
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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