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J Biol Chem. 2007 Aug 3;282(31):22834-47. Epub 2007 May 29.

TLR-4 and sustained calcium agonists synergistically produce eicosanoids independent of protein synthesis in RAW264.7 cells.

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1
Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, School of Medicine, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093, USA.

Abstract

Arachidonic acid is released by phospholipase A(2) and converted into hundreds of distinct bioactive mediators by a variety of cyclooxygenases (COX), lipoxygenases (LO), and cytochrome P450s. Because of the size and diversity of the eicosanoid class of signaling molecules produced, a thorough and systematic investigation of these biological processes requires the simultaneous quantitation of a large number of eicosanoids in a single analysis. We have developed a robust liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry method that can identify and quantitate over 60 different eicosanoids in a single analysis, and we applied it to agonist-stimulated RAW264.7 murine macrophages. Fifteen different eicosanoids produced through COX and 5-LO were detected either intracellularly or in the media following stimulation with 16 different agonists of Toll-like receptors (TLR), G protein-coupled receptors, and purinergic receptors. No significant differences in the COX metabolite profiles were detected using the different agonists; however, we determined that only agonists creating a sustained Ca(2+) influx were capable of activating the 5-LO pathway in these cells. Synergy between Ca(2+) and TLR pathways was detected and discovered to be independent of NF-kappaB-induced protein synthesis. This demonstrates that TLR induction of protein synthesis and priming for enhanced phospholipase A(2)-mediated eicosanoid production work through two distinct pathways.

PMID:
17535806
DOI:
10.1074/jbc.M701831200
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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