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J Nurs Scholarsh. 2007;39(2):126-32.

Identifying risk factors for postpartum tobacco use.

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  • 1College of Health and Human Services, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA 22020-4444, USA.



To identify factors associated with becoming a mother that may contribute to postpartum smoking-related outcomes.


Cross-sectional, correlational.


Postpartum women (N=133) who were clients in a nutrition supplement program for low-income families responded to questionnaires about smoking and early motherhood experiences. Inferential statistical tests included hierarchical multiple and logistic regression.


After controlling for factors known to be associated with smoking outcomes for the general population, factors associated with becoming a mother significantly contributed to the amount of explained variance in both postpartum self-efficacy to refrain from smoking and smoking within 2 weeks after delivery.


Study findings indicated that prenatal intentions about postpartum tobacco use and maternal response to infant cry episodes were areas for risk assessment that might lead to effective smoking cessation interventions uniquely tailored to women who experience becoming a mother.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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