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Proteomics. 2007 Jun;7(13):2189-200.

Proteome and cytoskeleton responses in osteosarcoma cells with reduced OXPHOS activity.

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Department of Neurology, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland.


We have recently shown disorganization of the vimentin network in cultured cells deficient in oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS). We describe here the cellular responses to OXPHOS deficiency in osteosarcoma cells upon complex I (CI) and complex IV (CIV) inhibition, and upon the lack of mitochondrial DNA (rho0 cells). We examined the cytoskeletal organization and the distribution of mitochondria and analysed total proteome by 2-DE and vimentin expression by ELISA. Upon CIV inhibition and in rho0 cells, the vimentin network had collapsed around the nucleus and formed thick bundles. The mitochondria formed a perinuclear crescent upon CIV inhibition, whereas they accumulated around the nucleus in the rho0 cells, where the amount of vimentin was increased. Analysis of the total proteome revealed that a lack of mitochondrial DNA or inhibition of CI or CIV led to changes in the expression of cytoskeletal and cytoskeleton-associated proteins and proteins involved in apoptosis, OXPHOS, glycolysis, the tricarboxylic acid cycle, and oxidative stress responses. Our findings suggest that a deficiency in the energy converting system and oxidative stress can lead to cytoskeletal changes.

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