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Indian Pediatr. 1991 May;28(5):485-8.

Clinical profile of severe birth asphyxia.

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Institute of Child Health, Grant Medical College, Bombay.


In this retrospective analysis, 56 babies with Apgar score 3 and less were studied. In 33, successful bag-mask ventilation was carried out. Seventeen babies received endotracheal IPPV. In 9 out of them bag-mask ventilation was never tried whereas in 8 bag-mask ventilation had failed. In 6 babies physical stimulation and blast of oxygen on the face was adequate. Following this experience, in the subsequent years, endotracheal intubation was required mainly in extremely low birth weight babies or babies with Apgar score 0 at birth. During the study period, drugs were used in about 50% babies. In subsequent years this figure has come down to 10%, that too in special situations. This study helped us to evolve a policy in resuscitations severely asphyxiated babies. Bag-mask ventilation is the first choice. Failure to achieve progressively improving Apgar score by 1 minute, usually 4-5, is an indication for endotracheal intubation. Drugs are required in special situations only.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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