Send to

Choose Destination
Adv Ther. 2007 Jan-Feb;24(1):29-40.

Expression of soluble CD27 and interleukins-8 and -10 in B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia: correlation with disease stage and prognosis.

Author information

Department of Medical Oncology, Cukurova University Faculty of Medicine, Adana, Turkey.


Investigators in this study explored levels of soluble CD27 (sCD27), interleukin (IL)-8, and IL-10 in B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL), and the correlation of these levels with disease stage and prognosis. Plasma IL-8, IL-10, and sCD27 levels were assessed with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay tests in 22 healthy donors and 70 patients with B-CLL (49 men and 21 women). Mean patient age was 61.57 y (range, 44-75 y). Mean healthy donor age was 62.09 y (range, 40-72 y). In the study group, mean values were as follows: plasma IL-8, 284.758 pg/mL (0-1000 pg/mL) plasma IL-10, 26.152 pg/mL (0-100 pg/mL) sCD27, 731.357 U/mL (139.9-1000 U/mL) white blood cell count, 59.9 x 10(9)/L (0.8-250.0 x 10(9)/L) hemoglobin count, 11.2 g/dL (5.0-16.2 g/dL) platelet count, 162.5 x 10(9)/L (29.8-317 x 10(9)/L) B(2) microglobulin (B(2)M) 3350.2 mg/L (274.7-7499.9 mg/L) CD38, 19.5% and lactate dehydrogenase (count, 497.5 U/L (263.0-1507 U/L). Patients represented all Rai stages, with 22.9% at stage 0, 11.4% at stage I, 11.4% at stage II, 41.4% at stage III, and 12.9% at stage IV. Plasma levels of IL-8, IL-10, and sCD27 were correlated between study and control groups; significantly higher IL-8 (P=.001) and sCD27 (P=.000) levels were found, but the IL-10 level was not significant (P=.139). Plasma IL-10 (P=.01) and sCD27 (P=.008) were positively correlated with Rai stage, but IL-8 was not (P=.146). Levels of sCD27 were significantly correlated with values for B2M (P=.000), hemoglobin (P=.028), lactate dehydrogenase (P=.001), CD19 (P=.03), and IL-10 (P=.000). IL-8 was significantly correlated with white blood cell (P=.000) count, and CD38 (P=.001) and CD5 (P=.006) levels. IL-10 was significantly correlated with B(2)M (P=.017), CD19 (P=.000), platelet (P=.002), and CD27 (P=.000). In survival distributions for CD27, IL-8 and IL-10 were found to have more significant relationships for all parameters (P=.0000). In conclusion, the authors suggest that sCD27, IL-8, and IL-10 are more significant prognostic factors for B-CLL when compared with others, and these values should correlate with new prognostic factors (eg, zeta-associated protein-70, mutated/unmutated immunoglobulin variable heavy chain).

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center