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Biochimie. 2007 Aug;89(8):903-15. Epub 2007 Apr 11.

PelC is a Pseudomonas aeruginosa outer membrane lipoprotein of the OMA family of proteins involved in exopolysaccharide transport.

Author information

1
Laboratoire d'Ingénierie des Systèmes Macromoléculaires, UPR9027, IBSM/CNRS, 31 Chemin Joseph Aiguier, 13402 Marseille Cedex 20, France.

Abstract

Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a gram-negative bacterium, opportunistic pathogen, which causes severe acute or chronic infections, as is the case with cystic fibrosis patients. Chronic infections are frequently accompanied by the development of the bacterial population into a specialized community called biofilm. The pelA-G gene cluster of P. aeruginosa has been shown to be involved in pellicle production and biofilm formation. The pel genes have been proposed to contribute to the formation of the exopolysaccharide-containing pellicle. However, the function and the subcellular localization of the seven different Pel proteins are poorly understood. Based on bioinformatics analysis, we have previously considered that PelF is a putative glycosyltransferase (GT4 family), whereas PelG is a Wzx-like polysaccharide transporter from the PST family. In this study we have further characterized the PelC protein. We have shown that PelC is an outer membrane lipoprotein. The N-terminal signal peptide of the PelC lipoprotein is sufficient to target the protein into the membranes. However, by constructing various PelC hybrid proteins we also proposed that efficient and functional outer membrane insertion of PelC requires not only the signal peptide and the lipid modification, but also requires the C-terminal domain of PelC. Because the gene encoding the outer membrane lipoprotein PelC is part of a putative gene cluster involved in exopolysaccharide biogenesis, we suggest that PelC is a new member of the outer membrane auxiliary (OMA) family of lipoprotein whose Wza, involved in Escherichia coli capsular polysaccharide transport, is an archetype.

PMID:
17524545
DOI:
10.1016/j.biochi.2007.04.002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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