Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Addiction. 2007 Jun;102(6):904-8.

Stability of subtypes of natural recovery from alcohol dependence after two years.

Author information

1
University of L├╝beck, Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Germany. gallus.bischof@ukl.uni-luebeck.de

Abstract

AIMS:

The lack of consistent findings in studies on natural recovery from alcohol dependence may reflect heterogeneous subgroups according to social support and problem severity. In a previous report, we identified the following groups: high severity of dependence, low alcohol-related problems and low social support (low problems-low support: LPLS), high severity of dependence, high alcohol-related problems and medium social support (high problems-medium support: HPMS) and high social support, late age of onset, low severity of dependence and low alcohol-related problems (low problems-high support: LPHS). However, little is known about the trajectories of these groups. The aim of the present study is to analyse the stability of these three groups report on longer-term outcomes.

DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS:

A cohort of initially untreated remitters recruited through media solicitation (n = 178) was followed-up after 24 months.

MEASUREMENTS:

Personal interviews using standardized instruments including social support together with interview data from collaterals.

RESULTS:

Differences between the cluster groups in social support diminished over time; however, even at follow-up, LPLS revealed less social support by friends when compared to LPHS and showed significant higher rates of relapse and utilization of formal help than did HPHS and LPHS.

CONCLUSIONS:

Data show that the interplay between psychosocial resources and substance-related problems may still account for differences in trajectories of naturally remitted individuals in a 2-year follow-up.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley
Loading ...
Support Center