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Mov Disord. 2007 Aug 15;22(11):1587-93.

Asymmetric corticomotor excitability correlations in early Parkinson's disease.

Author information

1
Department of Neurology, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California Los Angeles (UCLA), Los Angeles, California 90095-1769, USA. allanwu@mednet.ucla.edu

Abstract

We studied corticomotor excitability (CE) between the more and less affected sides in early Parkinson's disease (PD) patients using transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). Sixteen-PD patients within the first 3 years of diagnosis were studied with single-pulse TMS over each motor cortex with intensities from 40% to 100% stimulator output. Active motor evoked potentials (MEP) and cortical silent period durations (CSP) were recorded, fitted with sigmoid curves, summarized as maximal MEP/CSP, maximal MEP/CSP slope, and intensity where MEP/CSP is half-maximal (MEP/CSP-Int50), and correlated with Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale scores (UPDRS). On the more affected side, higher (worse) UPDRS scores were correlated with shorter maximal CSP (r=-0.51, P=0.046). On the less affected side, higher UPDRS scores were correlated with higher MEP-Int50 (r=0.51, P=0.043) and CSP-Int50 (r=0.54, P=0.029). For the less affected side, altered CE, as indexed by higher MEP or CSP-Int50 intensities, may contribute to early clinical symptoms. On the more affected side, increases in CE, indexed by shorter CSP, may account for a greater proportion of PD symptoms. These findings are consistent with an evolution of neurophysiologic correlates in early PD patients from a less to more symptomatic state.

PMID:
17523196
DOI:
10.1002/mds.21565
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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