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J Pediatr Psychol. 2007 Sep;32(8):877-87. Epub 2007 May 23.

Children of African-American mothers who use crack cocaine: parenting influences on youth substance use.

Author information

1
RTI International, Health, Social and Economics Research, 3040 Cornwallis, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709-2194, USA. kklam@rti.org

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To examine relationships between parenting behaviors, parent-child relationship, and moderating effects of age on youth substance use among a community sample of African-American mothers who use crack cocaine and their children (12-17 years).

METHODS:

Maternal-child dyads (n = 208) were recruited through street outreach and snowball sampling and completed interviews about substance use and parenting.

RESULTS:

Regression analyses found significant main effects of youth age, family conflict, warmth, and disapproval of youth substance use on children's substance use. Age x Parenting interactions were significant for conflict and disapproval. Higher family conflict increased older youths' risk, while higher perceived maternal disapproval protected against substance use for older youth.

CONCLUSIONS:

Family influences may offer risk and protective effects for adolescent children of maternal drug users. Outreach and family-focused interventions that address family conflict and communication of disapproval of substance use may help reduce intergenerational risk transmission. However, longitudinal research with comprehensive parenting assessments is needed.

PMID:
17522115
DOI:
10.1093/jpepsy/jsm015
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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