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Protein Expr Purif. 2007 Sep;55(1):31-9. Epub 2007 Apr 20.

Involvement of Gly 311 residue on substrate discrimination, pH and temperature dependency of recombinant Staphylococcus xylosus lipase: a study with emulsified substrate.

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Laboratoire de biochimie et de génie enzymatique des lipases, ENIS, BPW, 3038 Sfax, Tunisia.


The importance of microbial lipases like the staphylococcal ones, results not only from their significance implication in the bacterial lipid metabolism but also their involvement in some pathogenic processes. The aminoacid sequence of the mature Staphylococcus xylosus lipase (SXL) shows 99.7% identity with the mature aminoacid sequence of Staphylococcus simulans lipase (SSL) with one substitution of Gly311 by Val. In spite of this high homology, the two lipases present significant differences in the specific activities and in the optimal temperature of action. In order to check the importance of the residue 311, we substituted, using site-directed mutagenesis, the Gly311 of S. xylosus lipase (SXL) by Leu, Trp, Asp, or Lys. The mutants SXL-G311L, SXL-G311W, SXL-G311D, and SXL-G311K were expressed in Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3) and purified to homogeneity. A comparative study of the biochemical properties of the wild-type SXL (SXL-WT) and the mutants was performed and show that an increase in the size of the 311 aminoacid side chain residue was accompanied by a decrease of lipase activity. The absence of lipase activity observed with the mutant SXL-G311W was probably due to the inaccessibility of substrate to interact with the catalytic serine. On the other hand, the SXL-G311L mutant, which presents a significant decrease on the lipase activity, displays a novel action towards phospholipids. Furthermore, the mutant SXL-G311L becomes also stable to extreme pH and displays a half life of 280 min after incubation at 50 degrees C. The purified SXL-G311D and SXL-G311K mutants show distinct pH profiles. The SXL-G311D mutant is optimally active at pH 6.5, whereas, the SXL-G311K mutant is active at pH 9.5. In addition, these two mutants show an important decrease in the specific activities that generates a decrease in the catalytic efficiency (k(cat)/K(m)app.). We can essentially notice that the SXL-G311K mutant displays a 33- or 44-fold decrease in k(cat)/K(m)app. values compared to the SXL-WT, when using TC(4) or TC(8) as substrate, respectively.

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