Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Equine Vet J. 2007 May;39(3):202-9.

Equine herpesvirus-1-specific interferon gamma (IFNgamma) synthesis by peripheral blood mononuclear cells in thoroughbred horses.

Author information

1
Animal Health Trust, Centre for Preventive Medicine, Lanwades Park, Kentford, Newmarket, Suffolk CB8 7UU, UK.

Abstract

REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY:

An assay has been developed that measures EHV-1 specific interferon gamma synthesis (IFNgamma), a cytokine produced following the activation of memory T lymphocytes and therefore a measure of cell mediated immunity. The method requires validation in the field.

OBJECTIVES:

To measure the frequency of EHV-1 specific, IFNgamma synthesising peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) in a population of Thoroughbred horses, and examine its relationship with age, gender, premises and history of vaccination or field infection with EHV-1.

METHODS:

Lymphocytes from 200 Thoroughbred horses were stimulated with EHV-1 in vitro, and IFNgamma detected using a monoclonal antibody and indirect immunofluorescence. Percent positive cells were enumerated by flow cytometric analysis and the results described and compared statistically between groups.

RESULTS:

The frequency of IFNgamma+ PBMC was significantly higher in animals age >5 years compared with 2-4 years, in females vs. males, on stud farms vs. training yards and following vaccination of 2-year-olds with inactivated virus compared with nonvaccinates. Age strongly confounded all these associations and care must therefore be taken interpreting these results. Mares exposed to a field infection with EHV-1 also had higher frequencies of IFNgamma+ PBMC than other vaccinated horses.

CONCLUSIONS:

The frequency of EHV-1 specific, IFNgama+ PBMC among the sample Thoroughbred population was diverse but lowest in young, unvaccinated horses-in-training.

POTENTIAL RELEVANCE:

The frequency of EHV-1 specific lymphocytes synthesising IFNgamma in this population may be associated with its susceptibility to infection with this virus. This easy technique may be applied to monitor the antigenicity of vaccines and their effectiveness at stimulating cellular immunity.

PMID:
17520969
DOI:
10.2746/042516407x174216
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley
Loading ...
Support Center