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J Magn Reson Imaging. 2007 Jun;25(6):1168-73.

Magnetic resonance cholangiography of biliary strictures after liver transplantation: a prospective double-blind study.

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1
Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To compare magnetic resonance cholangiography (MRC) with endoscopic retrograde cholangiography (ERC) in quantitatively evaluating biliary strictures in liver transplant recipients.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Eight liver transplant recipients with suspected biliary complications were referred for ERC and also underwent MRC within 24 hours using a combination of single-shot rapid acquisition with relaxation enhancement (SS-RARE) and three-dimensional (3D)-RARE sequences. The studies were independently interpreted by two blinded radiologists and a single blinded endoscopist who recorded the presence of a stricture and/or upstream dilatation, the ratio of recipient-to-donor duct diameters at the anastomosis, as well as the proximal duct diameter, length, and percent stenosis of any stricture detected.

RESULTS:

Using ERC as the standard of reference, MRC had a sensitivity and negative predictive value of 100%, mean specificity of 83.3%, and mean positive predictive value of 92.9% in the detection of six strictures. Compared with ERC, MRC obtained accurate measurements of recipient-to-donor duct diameter ratios (r, 0.91; P < 0.01), proximal duct diameters (r, 0.83, P < 0.05), stricture lengths (r, 0.58; P = 0.06), and percent stenosis (r, 0.78; P = 0.06).

CONCLUSION:

MRC can provide equivalent imaging to ERC and can reliably identify and quantitatively evaluate biliary strictures in post-orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) patients.

PMID:
17520726
DOI:
10.1002/jmri.20927
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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