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Planta. 2007 Sep;226(4):941-51. Epub 2007 May 23.

Meristem maintenance and compound-leaf patterning utilize common genetic mechanisms in tomato.

Author information

1
The Robert H. Smith Institute of Plant Sciences and Genetics in Agriculture, The Otto Warburg Minerva Center for Agricultural Biotechnology, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel.

Abstract

Balancing shoot apical meristem (SAM) maintenance and organ formation from its flanks is essential for proper plant growth and development and for the flexibility of organ production in response to internal and external cues. Leaves are formed at the SAM flanks and display a wide variability in size and form. Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) leaves are compound with lobed margins. We exploited 18 recessive tomato mutants, representing four distinct phenotypic classes and six complementation groups, to track the genetic mechanisms involved in meristem function and compound-leaf patterning in tomato. In goblet (gob) mutants, the SAM terminates following cotyledon production, but occasionally partially recovers and produces simple leaves. expelled shoot (exp) meristems terminate after the production of several leaves, and these leaves show a reduced level of compoundness. short pedicel (spd) mutants are bushy, with impaired meristem structure, compact inflorescences, short pedicels and less compound leaves. In multi drop (mud) mutants, the leaves are more compound and the SAM tends to divide into two active meristems after the production of a few leaves. The range of leaf-compoundness phenotypes observed in these mutants suggests that compound-leaf patterning involves an array of genetic factors, which act successively to elaborate leaf shape. Furthermore, the results indicate that similar mechanisms underlie SAM activity and compound-leaf patterning in tomato.

PMID:
17520278
DOI:
10.1007/s00425-007-0540-0
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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