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Prostate Cancer Prostatic Dis. 2008;11(1):61-6. Epub 2007 May 22.

Fruit, vegetable, vitamin A intakes, and prostate cancer risk.

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School of Population Health, University of Western Australia, Western Australia, Australia.


Prostate cancer risk was examined in relation to intakes of fruit, vegetables, beta-carotene and retinol. Subjects were a cohort of 1985 men previously to asbestos who participated in a cancer prevention programme of beta-carotene and retinol supplements that commenced in July 1990. Diet was assessed at entry to the programme. Ninety-seven cases of prostate cancer were identified during follow-up until the end of 2004. A decreased prostate cancer risk was observed with increasing intakes of vitamin C-rich vegetables, including bell peppers and broccoli. Fruit, other vegetables and vitamin A intakes did not appear to be strong factors in the development of prostate cancer in this study.

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