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Med Educ. 2007 Jun;41(6):537-49.

Unannounced standardised patients in real practice: a systematic literature review.

Author information

1
Skillslab, Faculty of Medicine, University of Maastricht, The Netherlands. j.rethans@sk.unimaas.nl

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

No attempt has been made to give a systematic overview of the innovative use of unannounced or incognito standardised patients.

OBJECTIVE:

To provide a systematic overview of all published studies with incognito standardised patients assessing doctors in actual practice situations using sound reliable and valid standardised patient methodology.

METHODS:

Systematic literature search in Medline, Eric and Psyclit with piloted search terms, followed by retrieving additional papers from reference lists. All papers were scored with a predefined protocol-sheet using predefined inclusion and exclusion criteria.

RESULTS:

Forty papers referring to 21 projects with incognito standardised patients were found and described in detail. The majority of studies were conducted in primary care and were descriptive.

DISCUSSION:

There is a need for research on the additional value of the incognito standardised patient methodology and for a consensus on how to report on accuracy and consistency of standardised patients.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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