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J Pers Assess. 2007 Jun;88(3):295-308.

The structure of retrospective accounts of family environments: related to the structure of personality attributes.

Author information

1
Department of Psychology, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR 97403-5225, USA. gsaucier@oregon.uoregon.edu

Abstract

Environmental variables are often assumed to constitute a qualitatively different domain from personality variables, and unlike personality variables, their structure is relatively poorly understood. We studied retrospective descriptions of families-of-origin in 3 samples using the items of Moos's (1974) Family Environment Scale (FES). Using cluster-analytic procedures, we generated a new set of 22 homogeneous item clusters for the FES at a level more specific than the 10 conventional FES scales, thus enhancing potential fidelity in the measurement of family environments. We show that these item composites are well organized under a 3-factor structure and that reports of family environments on these 3 factors correlate moderately with those of the Big Five personality factors that have the most analogous content. Results suggest possible homology between the structure of family environments and the structure of personality dispositions.

PMID:
17518551
DOI:
10.1080/00223890701317012
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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