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Bioorg Med Chem. 2007 Aug 1;15(15):5239-50. Epub 2007 May 10.

7-Arylpiperazinylalkyl and 7-tetrahydroisoquinolinylalkyl derivatives of 8-alkoxy-purine-2,6-dione and some of their purine-2,6,8-trione analogs as 5-HT(1A), 5-HT(2A), and 5-HT(7) serotonin receptor ligands.

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Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Jagiellonian University Medical College, 9 Medyczna, Kraków, Poland.


On the basis of our earlier studies with the serotonin receptor ligands in the group of 1,3-dimethyl-3,7-dihydropurine-2,6-dione derivatives, a series of new arylpiperazinylalkyl and tetrahydroisoquinolinylalkyl analogs of 8-alkoxy-1,3-dimethyl-3,7-dihydropurine-2,6-dione (10-25) and 1,3-dimethyl-7,9-dihydro-3H-purine-2,6,8-trione (26-30) were synthesized and their 5-HT(1A), 5-HT(2A), and 5-HT(7) receptor affinities were determined. The new compounds 17, 18, 20, and 21 were found to be highly active 5-HT(1A) receptor ligands (K(i)=11-19nM) with diversified affinity for 5-HT(2A) receptors (K(i)=15-253nM). Compounds 12, 13, 15, and 19 were moderately potent 5-HT(2A) ligands (K(i)=23-57nM), whereas 17, 18, 24, and 25 showed distinct affinity for 5-HT(7) receptors (K(i)=51-83nM). Purine-2,6,8-triones showed weak affinities for 5-HT(1A) and 5-HT(7) receptors; among them, 27 and 29 were classified as 5-HT(2A) receptor ligands. The selected compounds 17 and 21 were pharmacologically evaluated to determine their functional activities at pre-(hypothermia in mice) and post-(lower lip retraction in rats) synaptic 5-HT(1A) receptors. Compound 17 showed features of a potential agonist of pre- and post-synaptic 5-HT(1A) receptors, whereas 21 was classified as a potential, weak partial agonist of postsynaptic sites. Last of all, the most interesting compound 17 tested in behavioral models showed potential anxiolytic and antidepressant activities.

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