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Clin Drug Investig. 2004;24(2):81-8.

Oxybutynin extended release and tolterodine immediate release : a health economic comparison.

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Caro Research Institute, Hammonds Plains, Nova Scotia, Canada.



To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of a new extended-release (XL) formulation of oxybutynin relative to tolterodine immediate release (IR), currently the most prescribed treatment for overactive bladder in the UK.


A state-transition model was developed to compare outcomes over 1 year. Effectiveness and treatment persistence data were derived from the OBJECT (Overactive Bladder: Judging Effective Control and Treatment) study, a 3-month clinical trial comparing oxybutynin XL 10 mg/day with tolterodine IR 4 mg/day. The daily costs of oxybutynin XL and tolterodine IR were pound0.82 and pound1.04, respectively. These data and information from the literature were used to project outcomes beyond the trial time. Severity-specific incontinence cost profiles were developed for the UK (2002 costings).


After 1 year, 3.1 more patients per 100 treated attained complete continence with oxybutynin XL compared with tolterodine IR, and 5.6% more had less than seven incontinent episodes per week. Over 1 year, patients receiving oxybutynin XL had almost 17 additional incontinence-free days and 95 fewer incontinent episodes. Estimated costs were pound86 lower per patient with oxybutynin XL. If drugs are priced equally, savings decrease to pound21 per patient. Oxybutynin XL maintains its advantage over wide ranges of inputs, and outcomes are similar if analyses are limited to 3 months.


Base-case analyses suggest that oxybutynin XL provides better effectiveness than tolterodine IR and reduces costs. Results indicate that oxybutynin XL is the dominant therapeutic option under a wide range of alternative inputs and assumptions.

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