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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1991 Nov 18;1070(1):127-34.

Monensin blocks the transfer of very long chain fatty acid containing lipids to the plasma membrane of leek seedlings. Evidence for lipid sorting based on fatty acyl chain length.

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Institut de Biochimie et Neurochimie du CNRS, Université de Bordeaux II, France.


Delivery of newly synthesized fatty acids and lipids to the plasma membrane in leek seedlings via the endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-Golgi apparatus pathway is primarily by bulk transport (without sorting). However, pulse-chase experiments revealed kinetics of transport of lipids with VLCFA (very long chain fatty acids having more than 18 carbon atoms) in favor of a preferential transfer of these molecules to the plasma membrane. Use of monensin showed the accumulation of lipids in the Golgi apparatus and a related decrease of the amount of lipids transported to the plasma membrane. Lipid and fatty acid analyses revealed that transport of VLCFA-containing phospholipids was most strongly inhibited by the monensin block. These results taken together with an inability of the plasma membrane to synthesize VLCFA support a role for the Golgi apparatus in VLCFA delivery to the plasma membrane and leads to the hypothesis of a sorting function as well, based on fatty acyl chain length.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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