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Biotechniques. 2007 May;42(5):599-600, 602, 604-6.

Determination of silencing potency of synthetic and RNase III-generated siRNA using a secreted luciferase assay.

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1
New England Biolabs, Ipswich, MA 01938, USA.

Abstract

RNA interference (RNAi) is an established tool for functional genomics studies that is also showing great potential for medical applications. Currently, one of the main goals in RNAi technology is the design and discovery of potent small interfering RNAs (siRNAs). Using a secreted luciferase from Gaussia princeps (GLuc), we developed a reporter assay, which allows for rapid potency assessment of siRNAs, by measuring luminescence activity in cell culture supernatants. The method was applied in microtiter plate format and validated by comparison to quantitative reverse transcription PCR (RT-PCR) and Western blot analysis. This reporter assay was used to evaluate in HeLa cells the potency of different siRNA mixtures generated by RNase III, or several synthetic siRNAs, all directed against human p53. The results show that all four siRNA mixtures generated by RNase III induce 50%-75% decrease of the reporter activity at less than 10 nM transfected concentration. In contrast, only one out of the five commercially available synthetic siRNAs showed comparable potency. These results suggest that one advantage of using enzymatic complex siRNA mixtures for RNAi is that, unlike single synthetic siRNAs, selecting a target region is not important to ensure potency.

PMID:
17515198
DOI:
10.2144/000112444
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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