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Changes in central dopaminergic systems with the expression of Shh or GDNF in mice perinatally exposed to bisphenol-A.

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Department of Toxicology, Hoshi University School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences.


In the previous study, we reported that exposure to bisphenol-A induced the potentiation of dopamine receptor functions in the mouse limbic area, resulting in supersensitivity to methamphetamine-induced pharmacological actions. The present study was undertaken to investigate whether prenatal exposure to bisphenol-A could produce morphological change in dopaminergic neuron and the pattern of expression of genes regulating the dopaminergic neuron development. Here we found that prenatal and neonatal exposures to bisphenol-A increased the tyrosine hydroxylase- and dopamine transporter-like immunoreactivities in the adult mouse limbic area. The present molecular biological study shows that chronic bisphenol-A treatment produced a significant decrease in the dopaminergic neuron development factors, sonic hedgehog and glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor, which were also decreased by prenatal exposure to bisphenol-A. These results suggest that chronic exposure to bisphenol-A could disrupt the dopaminergic neurotransmission in the process of dopaminergic neuron development.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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