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Int J Eat Disord. 2007 Sep;40(6):562-8.

Self-oriented perfectionism in eating disorders.

Author information

1
Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Institute Clinic of Neurosciences, Institut d'Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi Sunyer, Hospital Clínic Universitari of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain. jcastro@clinic.ub.es

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To assess perfectionism dimensions in eating disorders in comparison with other psychiatric disorders and subjects from the general population.

METHOD:

The Child and Adolescent Perfectionism Scale (CAPS), the Eating Disorders Inventory (EDI-2), and the Eating Attitudes Test (EAT) were administered to a group of 108 female eating-disordered patients (75 anorexia nervosa and 33 bulimia nervosa), to a group of 86 female psychiatric patients with anxiety (N = 32), depressive (N = 38), or adaptive disorders (N = 16), and to 213 healthy female participants.

RESULTS:

Both bulimic and anorexic patients scored higher on Self-Oriented Perfectionism (p < 0.001) than the other two groups but not on Socially-Prescribed Perfectionism (p = 0.054). Among patients with eating disorder, 17.6% obtained a score two standard deviations higher than the mean in the healthy comparison group on self-oriented perfectionism; this percentage was significantly higher than in the other two groups. The percentage of eating disorder patients with high socially-prescribed perfectionism was similar to that found in other psychiatric disorders. Moreover, self-oriented perfectionism was a predictor of an eating disorder.

CONCLUSION:

Self-oriented perfectionism is more specific to eating disorders than to depressive or anxiety disorders.

PMID:
17510925
DOI:
10.1002/eat.20393
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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