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Pain. 2008 Jan;134(1-2):128-39. Epub 2007 May 16.

The inventory of parent/caregiver responses to the children's pain experience (IRPEDNA): development and preliminary validation.

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Department of Psychology, Rovira i Virgili University, 43007 Tarragona, Catalonia, Spain.


This paper describes the development and preliminary validation of a self-administered instrument designed to measure parents/caregivers' responses to children's pain episodes. For empirical validation purposes, a 60-item inventory was answered by 401 adults whose children's ages ranged from 6 to 16 years (mean=10.44, and SD=2.25 years). Factor structure and item analyses led to a 37 item inventory with three interrelated scales, namely: solicitousness (n=15 items), discouragement (n=10 items), and promotion of well-behaviors and coping (n=12 items). The three scales had good internal consistency, with coefficient alphas of 0.87, 0.83 and 0.87, respectively; they also showed good criterion-related validity.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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