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Allergy. 2007 Jun;62(6):655-60.

Association of control and risk of severe asthma-related events in severe or difficult-to-treat asthma patients.

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Pharmaceutical Outcomes Research and Policy Program, Department of Pharmacy, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.



Clinical tools for predicting poor outcomes in asthma patients are lacking. This study investigated the association of asthma control and subsequent severe asthma-related healthcare events in The Epidemiology and Natural History of Asthma: Outcomes and Treatment Regimens (TENOR) study.


The extent of asthma control problems was determined from baseline values of the Asthma Therapy Assessment Questionnaire (ATAQ). Patients self-reported the presence of severe asthma-related events at 6- and 12-month follow up. Poisson regression models determined the adjusted association between baseline control and the likelihood of severe asthma-related events.


At baseline, 2942 patients (mean age, 49.6 years; female, 71.9%) had an ATAQ score (no control problems, 17.0%; 1 control problem, 20.0%; 2 control problems, 30.8%; 3 or 4 control problems, 32.2%) and at least one severe asthma-related event. After adjustment, subjects with three or four control problems were at greater risk for unscheduled office visits [relative risk (RR) = 2.8; 95% confidence interval (CI): 2.4-3.2], course of oral steroids (RR = 2.9; 95% CI: 2.5-3.3), emergency room visits (RR = 4.1; 95% CI: 2.7-6.2) or hospitalization (RR = 13.6; 95% CI: 7.4-24.9), vs no control problems. Progressively poorer levels of asthma control are associated with increasing risk of severe asthma-related events.


This study provides evidence of an association between poor asthma control and future severe asthma-related healthcare events. A validated questionnaire may help clinicians identify patients requiring intervention to prevent future severe asthma-related events.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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