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J Chem Phys. 2007 May 14;126(18):184302.

CAl4X (X=Si,Ge): molecules with simultaneous planar tetracoordinate carbon, aluminum, and silicon/germanium.

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State Key Laboratory of Theoretical and Computational Chemistry, Institute of Theoretical Chemistry, Jilin University, Changchun I30023, People's Republic of China.


The authors report the first theoretical study on the hexa-atomic molecules CAl(4)X (X=Si,Ge) at the B3LYP/6-311++G(2d), MP2/6-311++G(2d), and CCSD(T)/6-311++G(3df) (single point) levels. Three low-lying isomers (within 2.0 kcal/mol) can be formally viewed as constructed by one Al+ interacting with the planar CAl3X- at the side Al-X bond (X-1), side Al-Al bond (X-2), and central C atom (X-3). The isomers X-1 and X-2 both have planar structures that include the planar tetracoordinate carbon, aluminum, and silicon/germanium, while the three-dimensional isomer X-3 has the pentacoordinate carbon. The planarity of X-1 and X-2 is ascribed to the ligand five-center two-electron bonding molecular orbital, similar to the orbital responsible for the planarity of CAl3X- (X=Si,Ge). Kinetically, the two planar structures X-1 and X-2 can be easily interconverted to each other via the intermediate X-3, indicative of their coexistence. Of particular interest, isomer X-1 represents the first example that simultaneously contains three types of planar centers in a single molecule, to the best of our knowledge. The three low-lying and structurally interesting isomers X-1, X-2, and X-3 await future experimental verification. The present results could enrich the planar chemistry.


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