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[Proteus bacilli: features and virulence factors].

[Article in Polish]

Author information

1
Zakład Immunobiologii Bakterii, Instytut Mikrobiologii i Immunologii Uniwersytetu Łódzkiego, Poland. rozala@biol.uni.lodz.pl

Abstract

In this article, different aspects of virulence factors of Proteus bacilii (P. mirabilis, P. vulgaris, P. penneri i P. hauseri) are presented. These are opportunistic pathogens that cause different kinds of infections, most frequently of the urinary tract. These bacteria have developed several virulence factors, such as adherence due to the presence of fimbriae or afimbrial adhesins, invasiveness, swarming phenomenon, hemolytic activity, urea hydrolysis, proteolysis, and endotoxicity. Below we focus on data concerning the molecular basis of the pathogenicity of Proteus bacilli.

PMID:
17507868
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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