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Epilepsy Res. 2007 Jun;75(1):46-51. Epub 2007 May 15.

Patients with a sodium channel alpha 1 gene mutation show wide phenotypic variation.

Author information

1
Division of Neurology, Kanagawa Children's Medical Center, Yokohama 232-8555, Japan. kcmc_ho@cameo.plala.or.jp

Abstract

We investigated the roles of mutations in voltage-gated sodium channel alpha 1 subunit gene (SCN1A) in epilepsies and psychiatric disorders. The SCN1A gene was screened for mutations in three unrelated Japanese families with generalized epilepsy with febrile seizure plus (GEFS+), febrile seizure with myoclonic seizures, or intractable childhood epilepsy with generalized tonic-clonic seizures (ICEGTC). In the family with GEFS+, one individual was affected with panic disorder and seizures, and another individual was diagnosed with Asperger syndrome and seizures. The novel mutation V1366I was found in all probands and patients with psychiatric disorders of the three families. These results suggest that SCN1A mutations may confer susceptibility to psychiatric disorders in addition to variable epileptic seizures. Unidentified modifiers may play critical roles in determining the ultimate phenotype of patients with sodium channel mutations.

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