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J Theor Biol. 2007 Aug 21;247(4):827-36. Epub 2007 Mar 24.

Effect of feedback regulation on stochastic gene expression.

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Key Laboratory of Animal Ecology and Conservation Biology, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100080, PR China.


Stochastic noise in gene expression arises as a result of species in small copy number undergoing transitions between discrete chemical states. Here the noise in a single gene network is investigated using the Omega-expansion techniques. We show that the linear noise approximation implies an invariant relationship between the normalized variances and normalized covariance in steady-state statistics. This invariant relationship provides an exactly statistical interpretation for why the stochastic noise in gene expression should be measured by the normalized variance. The nature of the normalized variance reveals the basic relationship between the stochasticity and system size in gene expression. The linear noise approximation implies also that for both mRNA and protein, the total noise can be decomposed into two basic components, one concerns the contribution of average number of molecules, and other the contribution of interactions between mRNA and protein. For the situation with linear feedback, our results clearly show that for two genes with the same average number of protein molecules, the gene with negative feedback will have a small protein noise, i.e., the negative feedback will reduce the protein noise. For the effect of the burst size on the protein noise, we show also that the protein intrinsic noise will decrease with the increase of the burst size, but the protein extrinsic noise is independent of the burst size.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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