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Chem Phys Lipids. 2007 Jun;147(2):103-12. Epub 2007 Apr 8.

Alloprenols: novel alpha-trans-polyprenols of Allophylus caudatus.

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Department of Lipid Biochemistry, Institute of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Pawinskiego 5a, 02-106 Warsaw, Poland.


A novel type of polyprenols, alloprenols, with an alpha-trans-isoprenoid unit was found in the leaves of Allophylus caudatus (Sapindaceae) besides typical alpha-cis-polyprenols. The polyprenol family (Prenol-11-13, Prenol-12 dominating) was accompanied by traces of dolichols of the same chain-length. Prenol alpha-cis- and alpha-trans-isomers were chromatographically separated and their structure was analyzed by HPLC/ESI-MS, HR-ESI-MS and 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy. Model compounds, semi-synthetic alpha-isomers of all-trans-Pren-9 and mainly-cis-Pren-11, were obtained using an oxidation-reduction procedure. Comparison of their NMR spectra confirmed the structure of the newly identified polyprenols. The observed pattern of NMR signal shifts may be applied for elucidation of isoprenoid structure.

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