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J Reprod Med. 2007 Apr;52(4):299-305.

Gestational diabetes: fasting and postprandial glucose as first prenatal screening tests in a high-risk population.

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Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, United Arab Emirates University, Al Ain.



To evaluate the value of fasting (FPG) and 2-hour postprandial (PPG) plasma glucose as screening tests for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in a high-risk population during early pregnancy.


At their first prenatal visit, 708 women underwent FPG and PPG for universal screening for GDM, with the diagnosis confirmed by the 75-g oral glucose tolerance test (World Health Organization criteria). The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) was used to analyze the performance of the 2 screening tests.


Of 184 (25.9%) women with GDM, 79 (42.9%) were identified before 18 weeks. The AUC for FPG to predict GDM was 0.579 (95% CI 0.531-0.627). Though a threshold of 85 mg/dL achieved minimally acceptable sensitivity, 79.9%, the corresponding specificity remained poor, 27.5%, with a false positive rate (FPR) of 72.5%. The AUC for PPG was 0.717 (95% CI 0.670-0.765); a cutoff of 95 mg/dL achieved a sensitivity of 79.9% and FPR of 53.1%.


Though GDM could be diagnosed in > 40% women in early pregnancy at their first prenatal visit, the poor specificity and high FPR of FPG and PPG, alone or in combination, make them unsuitable screening tests for GDM.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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