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Am J Pathol. 1991 Dec;139(6):1411-23.

Tissue distribution, intracellular localization, and in vitro expression of bovine macrophage scavenger receptors.

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Second Department of Pathology, Kumamoto University Medical School, Japan.


Macrophage scavenger receptors are trimeric membrane proteins implicated in the pathologic deposition of cholesterol in atherogenesis. The authors have studied the tissue distribution and intracellular localization of bovine scavenger receptors using monoclonal antibovine receptor antibody IgG-D2. The receptor proteins were detectable in macrophages of various organs and tissues, particularly Kupffer cells, alveolar macrophages, and macrophages in the spleen and lymph nodes. In the brain, perivascular macrophages were immunoreactive with IgG-D2. Fibroblasts, endothelial cells, smooth muscle cells, and dendritic cells such as epidermal Langerhans cells, interdigitating cells, or follicular dendritic cells, however, showed no immunoreactivity to IgG-D2. Immunoelectron microscopy showed localization of reaction products for these receptors on the cell surface, vesicles, and endosomes of macrophages. Transient expression of bovine scavenger receptors on cultured cells shows that scavenger receptors are mainly expressed in the endoplasmic reticulum, nuclear envelope, and Golgi apparatus of nonmacrophage cells and moved to the cell surface and endosomes of macrophagelike cells. These results indicate that efficient intracellular transport of scavenger receptors in macrophages is mediated by a macrophage-specific transport system.

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